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Development of Nested PCR Primer Set for the Specific and Highly Sensitive Detection of Human Parvovirus B19
Biomed Sci Letters 2018;24:390-397
Published online December 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2018.24.4.390
© 2018 The Korean Society For Biomedical Laboratory Sciences.

Kyu-Bong Cho†,*

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Shinhan University, Uijeongbu 11644, Korea
Correspondence to: *Professor.
Kyu-Bong Cho. Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Shinhan University, 95, Hoam-ro, Uijeongbu-si, Gyeonggi-do 11644, Korea.
Tel: +82-31-870-3712, Fax: +82-31-870-3719, e-mail: kbcho@shinhan.ac.kr
Received November 19, 2018; Revised December 8, 2018; Accepted December 13, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
For the specific detection of human Parvovirus B19 (HuPaV-B19), we designed ten specific PCR primers from 3,800~4,500 nucleotides of HuPaV-B19 complete genome (NC_000883.2). Seventeen candidate PCR primer sets for specific detecting HuPaV-B19 were constructed. In specific reaction of HuPaV-B19, seventeen PCR primer sets showed specific band, however five PCR primer sets were selected basis of band intensity, amplicon size and location. In non-specific reaction with seven reference viruses, four PCR primer sets showed non-specific band, however one PCR primer set is not. Detection sensitivity of final selective PCR primer set was 100 fg/µL for 112 minute, and PCR amplicon is 539 base pairs (bp). In addition, nested PCR primer set was developed, for detection HuPaV-B19 from a low concentration of contaminated samples. Selection of nested PCR primer set was basis of sensitivity and groundwater sample tests. Detection sensitivity of final selective PCR and nested PCR primer sets for the detection of HuPaV-B19 were 100 fg/µL and 100 ag/µL basis of HuPaV-B19 plasmid, it was able to rapid and highly sensitive detection of HuPaV-B19 than previous reports. We expect developed PCR primer set in this study will used for detection of HuPaV-B19 in various samples.
Keywords : Human Parvovirus B19, Polymerase chain reaction, Nested PCR