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Anti-oxidant, Anti-inflammatory, and Anti-obesity Effects of Ethanol Extracts from Ulmus divididiana var. japonica
Biomed Sci Letters 2019;25:227-236
Published online September 30, 2019;
© 2019 The Korean Society For Biomedical Laboratory Sciences.

Sung-Gyu Lee* and Hyun Kang,*

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam 31116, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyun Kang. Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, 31116, Korea.
Tel: +82-41-550-3015, Fax: +82-41-559-7934, e-mail:
Received August 5, 2019; Revised September 18, 2019; Accepted September 19, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In this study, the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity activities of an ethanol extracts of Ulmus divididiana var. japonica (UDE) were investigated in vitro and in vivo. UDE anti-oxidant activity was evaluated with an Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectrometer, which measured 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. Cell viabilities were estimated using 3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglia were used to study the production of nitric oxide (NO). Cells stimulated with LPS produce more NO than normal control cells. However, cells treated with the UDE decreased this production in a concentration dependent manner (100, 250, 500, 1,000 µg/mL). Also, we investigated the anti-obese activity of UDE in SD rats. The SD rats were randomly divided into five groups: 10% low fat diet (N), 45% high fat diet (H), 45% high fat diet + garcinia extracts 200 mg/kg/day (HG200), high fat diet + UDE 200 mg/kg/day (HU200), high fat diet + UDE 400 mg/kg/day (HU400). UDE was found to lower whole body and abdominal and epididymal adipose tissue weights and lowered plasma levels of triglyceride (TG), compared to those in H group. Histological analyses of the liver and fat tissues of rat treated with UDE revealed significantly decreased number of lipid droplets and decreased size of adipocytes compared to the H group. These results suggest that UDE might be used to develop potent anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity agents, and may be useful as ingredients for related new functional raw materials.
Keywords : Ulmus divididiana var. japonica, Anti-oxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-obesity, Functional raw materials