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Microbial Forensics: Bioterrorism and Biocrime
Biomed Sci Letters 2018;24:55-63
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2018.24.2.55
© 2018 The Korean Society For Biomedical Laboratory Sciences.

Yong-Bin Eom

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam 31538, Korea
Correspondence to: Yong-Bin Eom. Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, 22 Soonchunhyang-ro, Shinchang-myeon, Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 31538, Korea.
Tel: +82-41-530-3039, Fax: +82-41-530-3085, e-mail: omnibin@sch.ac.kr
Received March 5, 2018; Revised March 16, 2018; Accepted May 29, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Microbes and their toxins can be bioweapons that bioterrorists use them to commit bioterrorism and biocrime. Due to the potential and relative ease of the bioattack, life-threat pathogenic agents (bacteria, viruses, and toxins) as bioweapon revealed the need for a new field of microbial forensics. Microbial forensics is a new scientific discipline combining microbiology and forensic science, which is focused on characterization of evidence from a bioterrorism, biocrime, and an inadvertent release of biothreat agents. The sophisticated analytical tool and knowledge of microbial forensics can provide investigative leads and help determine who was responsible for the biocrime, the source of the bioweapon, and how and where the bioweapon was produced. Among the fields of microbial forensics, this paper will briefly describe evidence collection, handling, packaging, transportation, storage, analytical methods of evidence, and review microbial forensics as a response to bioterrorism and biocrime.
Keywords : Microbes, Microbial forensics, Bioweapon, Bioterrorism, Biocrime