Biomedical Science Letters

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Table. 2.

Chewing Difficulty according to general characteristics Unit: N (%)

Characteristics Chewing difficulty χ2 (P*)
No Yes
Gender
Male 1,253 (47.9) 451 (50.0) 0.941 (0.334)
Female 1,627 (52.1) 540 (50.0)
Total 2,880 (100.0) 991 (100.0)
Age (yrs)
40~49 750 (33.2) 113 (15.4) 26.518 (< 0.001)
50~59 723 (29.4) 233 (32.1)
60~69 713 (19.6) 283 (23.6)
70~79 517 (13.6) 251 (20.3)
≥ 80 177 (4.2) 111 (8.6)
Total 2,880 (100.0) 991 (100.0)
Income
Low 622 (20.7) 330 (33.8) 18.201 (< 0.001)
Middle - low 720 (25.1) 255 (25.0)
Middle - high 772 (28.0) 216 (21.3)
High 755 (26.2) 186 (19.9)
Total 2,869 (100.0) 987 (100.0)
Education
≤ Elementary school 544 (14.8) 251 (31.0) 26.488 (< 0.001)
Middle school 335 (10.8) 328 (29.9)
High school 896 (35.8) 182 (25.7)
≥ College school 910 (38.6) 134 (13.3)
Total 2,685 (100.0) 895 (100.0)
Occupation
Mangers & experts 347 (15.0) 75 (11.9) 5.229 (< 0.001)
Office worker 246 (10.7) 39 (5.5)
Service worker 353 (13.8) 93 (10.8)
Agriculture & fishery 119 (3.4) 54 (4.5)
Technicians 272 (11.4) 90 (12.3)
Simple labor workers 258 (8.9) 133 (13.2)
Unemployed (house wife, student, etc) 1,089 (36.8) 411 (41.9)
Total 2,684 (100.0) 895 (100.0)
Alcohol consumption
No 428 (11.7) 172 (14.1) 3.971 (< 0.001)
Yes 2,452 (88.3) 819 (85.9)
Total 2,880 (100.0) 991 (100.0)
Smoking
No 690 (61.2) 257 (54.2) 4.757 (< 0.001)
Yes 405 (38.8) 195 (45.8)
Total 1,095 (100.0) 452 (100.0)

*by complex samples chi-square test

Biomed Sci Letters 2022;28:178-85 https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2022.28.3.178
© 2022 Biomed Sci Letters