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Wearing of a Whole-Body Compression Garment Can Enhance Exercise Efficiency
Biomed Sci Letters 2021;27:88-94
Published online June 30, 2021;  https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2021.27.2.88
© 2021 The Korean Society For Biomedical Laboratory Sciences.

Su-Jeong Jeon1,* , Yu-Jin Jung1,* , Eun-Jae Lee1,* , Ji-Hye Choi1,* and Dongju Jung1,2,†,**

1Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Life and Health Sciences, Hoseo University, Asan, Chungnam 31499, Korea
2The Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Hoseo University, Asan, Chungnam 31499, Korea
Correspondence to: Dongju Jung. Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Life and Health Sciences, Hoseo University, Asan, Chungnam 31499, Korea.
Tel: +82-41-540-9969, Fax: +82-41-540-9997, e-mail: djjungg@hoseo.edu
*Undergraduate student, **Professor.
Received June 8, 2021; Revised June 22, 2021; Accepted June 25, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
A whole-body compression garment (WBCG) is mainly used for cosmetic purpose in Korea. Another case for wearing the WBCG would be while exercising because it allows the body to move easily. But physiological effects of wearing WBCG to the body have not been known much. To investigate whether wearing WBCG would be helpful for conducting exercises, we measured physiological criteria, which could be influenced by the compression, such as cardiovascular and pulmonary function. Twelve female college students participated in this experiment. Increase of blood pressure was monitored in all of the participants when they wore a WBCG just for 10 minutes. Pulmonary function that requires skeletal muscle contraction was decreased by wearing a WBCG. Blood pressure measured after conducting exercise became even lower when wearing a WBCG than non-wearing. Interestingly, heart pulse remained lower when wearing a WBCG than non-wearing during the whole relaxing period after the exercise. Electrocardiogram (ECG) analyses showed that such lower heart rate largely depended on extension of QT time. For that reason, physiological efficiency index (PEI) was higher for wearing WBCG. These results indicate wearing WBCG could enhance exercise efficiency by lowering heart pulse.
Keywords : Whole-body compression garment (WBCG), Blood pressure, Pulmonary function
꽌 濡

蹂댁젙냽샆(whole-body compression garment) 泥댁諛⑹쑝濡 씤빐 뒓뒯빐吏 紐몄쓽 援닿끝쓣 援먯젙븯怨좎옄 二쇰줈 뿬꽦뱾씠 李⑹슜븯뒗 쓽瑜섎줈 삤옒쟾遺꽣 궗슜릺뼱 솕怨 理쒓렐뿉뒗 떎由ъ쓽 洹쇰젰 利앷컯씠굹 넻利앹셿솕瑜 쐞븳 紐⑹쟻쑝濡쒕룄 궗슜맂떎(MacRae et al., 2011; da Silva et al., 2018). 蹂댁젙냽샆蹂대떎 궙 븬諛 媛뺣룄쓽 냼옱뒗 二쇰줈 슫룞슜 쓽瑜섎 젣옉븯뒗뜲 씠슜릺怨 엳떎. 씠 以 씤湲곕 걚뒗 寃껋쑝濡쒕뒗 젅源낆뒪瑜 뱾 닔 엳쑝硫 씠젣뒗 궓 紐⑤몢 슫룞 떆뿉 李⑹슜븯뒗 鍮꾩쑉씠 넂븘吏怨 엳떎. 怨꾩냽쟻씤 쓽瑜 냼옱쓽 媛쒕컻濡 씤빐 怨쇨굅뿉 鍮꾪빐 뻼쑝硫댁꽌룄 븬諛 媛뺣룄媛 媛뺥븳 떎뼇븳 젣뭹뱾씠 굹삤硫댁꽌 슫룞슚怨쇰퓧留 븘땲씪 紐몃ℓ 援먯젙쓽 紐⑹쟻쑝濡 떆以묒뿉꽌 뙋留ㅻ릺怨 엳떎. 洹몃옒꽌 씠젣뒗 紐몃ℓ 援먯젙쓣 쐞븳 蹂댁젙냽샆怨 슫룞쓣 쐞븳 쓽瑜섏뿉 냼옱굹 븬諛 媛뺣룄뿉 겙 李⑥씠媛 뾾寃 릺뿀떎. 紐몄쓣 븬諛뺥븯뒗 媛뺣룄媛 넂 쓽瑜섏쓽 李⑹슜 슫룞뿉 룄씠 맂떎怨 븣젮졇 엳떎(Pribis et al., 2010; Chan et al., 2016). 븳 삁濡 븬諛 媛뺣룄媛 15 mmHg 씠긽 릺뒗 쓽瑜섎 李⑹슜븯怨 뼵뜒쓣 떖젮 삱씪媛뒗 슫룞쓣 닔뻾뻽쓣 寃쎌슦, 슫룞 썑 鍮좊Ⅸ 쉶蹂듭뿉 룄씠 릺뒗 寃껋쑝濡 蹂닿퀬릺뿀떎(Struhar et al., 2018). 븬諛 媛뺣룄媛 媛뺥븷닔濡 泥댄삎 蹂댁젙슚怨쇰뒗 利앷븯吏留 슫룞슚怨쇰뒗 뼱뒓 젙룄 븬諛 씠긽뿉꽌뒗 利앷븯吏 븡뒗 寃껋쑝濡 븣젮졇 엳떎(Struhar et al., 2018). 븯吏瑜 븬諛뺥븯뒗 븬諛뺤뒪궧쓽 寃쎌슦뒗 슫룞 썑 諛쒖깮븯뒗 洹쇱쑁넻利앹쓽 媛먯냼굹 遺醫낆뿉뒗 슚怨쇨 뾾뒗 寃껋쑝濡 蹂닿퀬릺뿀떎(Heiss et al., 2018). 理쒓렐뿉 援궡뿉꽌 뙋留 以묒씤 蹂댁젙냽샆 怨쇨굅 蹂댁젙냽샆怨 떖由 吏곸엫뿉 遺덊렪븿쓣 二쇱 븡쑝硫, 넂 븬諛 媛뺣룄瑜 젣怨듯븯誘濡 씠윭븳 蹂댁젙냽샆씠 슫룞뿉룄 슚怨쇱쟻씤吏 議곗궗븯寃 릺뿀떎. 씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌뒗 떆以묒뿉꽌 뙋留ㅻ릺뒗 븬諛뺤슜 쓽瑜 以묒뿉꽌 紐 쟾泥대 븬諛뺥븯뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜 떆 紐몄쓽 깮由ъ쟻 湲곕뒫뿉 뼱뼡 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 떎뿕쓣 넻빐 솗씤븯떎. 슫룞슜 븬諛 쓽瑜섎뒗 젅源낆뒪 媛숈씠 떎由ъ뿉 李⑹슜븯뒗 寃껋씠 二쇰줈 씠슜릺怨 엳怨 씠윭븳 젣뭹뱾 긽泥대 븬諛뺥븯吏 븡湲 븣臾몄뿉 紐몄쓽 깮由ш린뒫 以 삁븬怨 룓湲곕뒫뿉 빐꽌뒗 愿젴꽦씠 겕吏 븡븯떎. 븯吏留 긽泥대쐞源뚯 븬諛뺥븯뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆씠 떆以묒뿉 留롮씠 굹엳怨, 젏李 씠슜씠 利앷릺怨 엳쑝誘濡 긽泥대쐞瑜 룷븿븳 紐 쟾泥대 븬諛뺥븯뒗 寃껋씠 삁븬怨 룓湲곕뒫뿉 뼱뼡 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 議곗궗븯뒗 寃껋씠 쓽誘멸 엳떎怨 뙋떒븯떎. 씠踰 떎뿕뿉 궗슜맂 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 븬諛 媛뺣룄뒗 24 hPa (18 mmHg) 젙룄쑝硫, 씠뒗 湲곗〈뿉 蹂닿퀬맂 넂 슫룞슚쑉쓣 굹궡뒗 슫룞슜 쓽瑜섏쓽 븬諛 媛뺣룄 쑀궗븳 닔以씠뿀떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 二쇰맂 궗슜옄媛 뿬꽦씠湲 븣臾몄뿉 20 뿬꽦뿉꽌쓽 깮由 蹂솕瑜 痢≪젙븯떎. 떖삁愿怨 愿젴 吏몴濡쒕뒗 삁븬怨 留λ컯쓣 痢≪젙븯怨, 룓湲곕뒫 寃궗濡쒕뒗 옍湲곕웾(residual volume, RV)쓣 젣쇅븳 룓솢웾 愿젴 寃궗瑜 닔뻾븯떎. 삁븬怨 留λ컯쓽 蹂솕瑜 遺꾩꽍븯湲 쐞빐 떖쟾룄瑜 씠슜븯뿬 뙆삎媛 떆媛꾩쓣 痢≪젙븯떎. 씠 떎뿕쓣 넻빐 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜씠 怨④꺽洹쇱쓽 븬諛뺤쓣 넻빐 씪긽깮솢뿉꽌 誘몄튂뒗 쁺뼢怨, 슫룞 떆 뼱뼡 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 솗씤븯떎.

옱猷 諛 諛⑸쾿

蹂댁젙냽샆(Compressing garment)

蹂댁젙냽샆 FLASEEK 궗쓽 '뵆젅떆겕 떆겕由 罹먮몄넄' S (55-77) 궗씠利 젣뭹쓣 援щℓ븯뿬 궗슜븯떎. 씠 젣뭹 뿬꽦쓽 紐몃ℓ蹂댁젙쓣 쐞븳 紐⑹쟻쑝濡 留뚮뱾뼱議뚯쑝硫 紐몄쓽 援닿끝뿉 뵲씪 紐⑤뱺 遺쐞瑜 븬諛뺥븷 닔 엳룄濡 옱떒릺뼱 듅젙븳 遺쐞뿉 븬젰씠 媛빐吏뒗 寃껋씠 븘땲씪 李⑹슜븳 紐몄쓽 쟾 遺쐞뿉 怨좊Ⅸ 븬諛뺤쓣 굹궡뒗 寃껋쑝濡 몴떆릺뼱 엳떎. 븬諛뺣쐞뒗 긽쓽쓽 寃쎌슦 紐, 媛뒾遺쐞 諛 뙏쓣 젣쇅븳 긽泥 쟾泥댁씠怨, 븯쓽쓽 寃쎌슦 諛쒕ぉ 씠븯 遺遺꾩쓣 젣쇅븳 븯泥 쟾泥대 븬諛뺥븳떎. 븬諛 젙룄뒗 젣議곗궗 湲곗 8 F.S.P (Flaseek Seekret Point) 씠긽쓽 븬諛뺣낫젙 媛뺣룄瑜 媛吏硫 씠뒗 24 hPa (18 mmHg) 씠긽쓽 븬젰쓣 蹂댁옣븳떎. 씠 닔以쓽 븬諛뺣낫젙 媛뺣룄뒗 李⑹슜 떆 궡씠 諛붽묑쑝濡 뱶윭굹吏 븡쓣 젙룄쓽 媛뺥븳 븬異뺥슚怨쇰 굹깉쑝硫 李⑹슜옄뒗 븬諛뺢컧쓣 異⑸텇엳 뒓굜 젙룄쑝硫 李⑹슜 쟾怨 鍮꾧탳븯뿬 삁븬룄 긽듅븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜怨 愿젴맂 紐⑤뱺 떎뿕 샇꽌븰援 깮紐낆쑄由ъ쐞썝쉶쓽 湲곗쓣 以닔븯뿬 떎뻾븯떎.

泥댁諛 痢≪젙

紐몄쓽 洹쇱쑁웾 諛 吏諛⑸웾쓽 痢≪젙 씤諛붾뵒궗쓽 S-10 닔遺꾩륫젙湲곕 씠슜븯떎. 씠 젣뭹 紐몄쓽 媛 遺쐞蹂꾨줈 泥댁諛 痢≪젙씠 媛뒫븯뿬 젣議곗궗뿉꽌 젣떆븳 諛⑸쾿濡 떊泥댁쓽 媛 遺쐞뿉 쟾洹뱀쓣 遺李⑺븯뿬 빐떦 吏몴뱾쓣 痢≪젙븯떎.

삁븬 諛 留λ컯 痢≪젙(Measuring blood pressure and pulse)

삁븬怨 留λ컯 옄룞삁븬痢≪젙怨(Omron Healthcare Co.)瑜 씠슜븯뿬 긽셿뿉꽌 痢≪젙븯떎. 媛 痢≪젙 떆留덈떎 2쉶뵫 諛섎났 痢≪젙븯뿬 몢 닔移섍컙 겙 李⑥씠媛 諛쒖깮븯吏 븡쓣 寃쎌슦 痢≪젙移섎줈 궗슜븯떎.

룓湲곕뒫 寃궗(Pulmonary function test)

룓湲곕뒫 寃궗쓽 紐⑤뱺 떎뿕 SensorMedics 궗쓽 Vmax20 젣뭹쓣 씠슜븯뿬 옍湲곕웾(residual volume, RV)쓣 룷븿븯吏 븡뒗 룓솢웾 吏몴뱾쓣 痢≪젙븯떎. 씠 吏몴뱾 끂젰꽦룓솢웾(Forced Vital Capacity, FVC), 1珥덈웾(Forced Expiratory Volume 1 second, FEV1), 1珥덉쑉(FEV1/FVC 횞 100), 끂젰꽦궇닲以묎컙쑀웾(Forced Expiratory Flow 25~75%, FEF 25~ 75%), 理쒕샇湲곗쑀냽(Peak Expiratory Flow, PEF), 理쒕솚湲곕웾(Maximal Voluntary Ventilation, MVV)씠떎. 슫룞遺븯 썑 痢≪젙 떆뿉뒗 슫룞쓣 留덉튇 뮘 렪븳 옄꽭뿉꽌 諛붾줈 痢≪젙쓣 븯떎.

떖쟾룄 寃궗(Electrocardiogram measurement)

떖쟾룄뒗 렪븯寃 늻슫 긽깭뿉꽌 몴以 12쑀룄踰뺤쓣 씠슜븯뿬 痢≪젙븯떎. 떖쟾怨꾨뒗 GE 궗쓽 MAC2000 옣鍮꾨 씠슜븯떎. 떖쟾룄 뙆삎쓽 援ш컙蹂 떆媛꾩 떖쟾怨꾩뿉꽌 痢≪젙 썑 굹굹뒗 寃곌낵瑜 씠슜븯怨, 寃곌낵 以 씪遺瑜 닔옉뾽쑝濡 怨꾩궛븯뿬 떖쟾怨꾩뿉꽌 굹굹뒗 寃곌낵뿉 臾몄젣媛 엳뒗吏瑜 솗씤븯떎. 슫룞遺븯 썑 痢≪젙 떆뿉뒗 슫룞쓣 留덉튇 뮘 렪븯寃 늻슫 긽깭뿉꽌 諛붾줈 痢≪젙쓣 븯떎.

슫룞遺븯諛⑸쾿(Exercise test)

슫룞遺븯瑜 媛븯湲 쐞븳 諛⑸쾿쑝濡 븰깮嫄닿컯泥대젰룊媛(physical Activity Promotion System, PAPS)뿉꽌 젣븞븯뒗 뒪뀦寃궗瑜 씠슜븯떎. 50 cm쓽 뒪뀦 諛뺤뒪瑜 遺꾨떦 30쉶濡 5遺꾧컙 삤瑜대궡由ш린瑜 떎떆븯怨 씠썑 씪젙 떆媛 媛꾧꺽뿉 뵲씪 삁븬, 떖諛뺤닔, 떖쟾룄, 룓湲곕뒫뿉 븳 寃궗瑜 떎떆븯떎. 떖諛뺤닔瑜 씠슜빐 떊泥댄슚쑉吏닔(Physical Efficiency Index, PEI)瑜 떎쓬怨 媛숈씠 痢≪젙븯떎.

떊泥댄슚쑉吏닔(PEI)=슫룞吏냽떆媛()1002(쉶蹂 떆 3쉶 痢≪젙븳 떖諛뺤닔쓽 빀)

넻怨꾩쿂由

蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜뿉 뵲瑜 蹂솕瑜 蹂닿린 쐞빐 李⑹슜 쟾怨 李⑹슜 썑쓽 鍮꾧탳뒗 쓳몴蹂(paired) t-test瑜 씠슜븯뿬 鍮꾧탳븯떎. n<30 씠誘濡 Shapiro-Wilk Test瑜 넻빐 젙洹쒖꽦쓣 寃利앺븯떎. 寃利앹 Statistics Kingdom 궗씠듃뿉꽌 젣怨듯븯뒗 calculator瑜 넻빐 떎떆븯怨, t-test瑜 떎떆븯湲 쟾 紐⑤몢 젙洹쒖꽦 寃利앹쓣 븯떎. P 媛믪뿉 뵲씪 留ㅼ슦 겙 李⑥씠(P < 0.01), 쓽誘 엳뒗 李⑥씠(P < 0.05) 洹몃━怨 李⑥씠 뾾쓬(P > 0.05)쑝濡 굹깉떎.

寃 怨

씠 떎뿕뿉 李멸븳 李멸옄쓽 궎, 紐몃Т寃, 삁븬 諛 泥댁諛⑸웾 벑뿉 븳 떊泥 吏몴뒗 Table 1뿉 굹깉떎. 李멸옄뱾 븰援먯뿉 옱븰 以묒씤 뿬븰깮뱾濡 紐⑤몢 룞씪븳 굹씠쑝硫 떎瑜 떊泥 吏닔뿉꽌룄 겙 李⑥씠瑜 굹궡吏 븡븯떎. 紐⑤뱺 李멸옄뒗 湲곗 吏덊솚씠 뾾뒗 뼇샇븳 嫄닿컯 긽깭怨, 삁븬 愿젴 吏덊솚씠굹 샇씉湲 吏덊솚쓣 理쒓렐뿉 寃れ 씪씠 뾾뿀떎. 李멸옄뱾쓽 怨④꺽洹쇰웾(SMM), 泥댁諛⑸웾(Body Fat) 洹몃━怨 泥댁諛⑸쪧(PBF) 꽦씤 뿬꽦쓽 룊洹좎튂 겕寃 떎瑜댁 븡븯떎(Pribis et al., 2010). 씤諛붾뵒濡 痢≪젙븳 洹쇱쑁웾 理쒖냼 19.5 kg뿉꽌 理쒕 22.4 kg 궗씠쓽 踰붿쐞怨, 泥댁諛⑹ 理쒖냼 19.3 kg뿉꽌 理쒕 28.9 kg 궗씠쓽 踰붿쐞뿉 빐떦븯떎. 씠뿉 뵲瑜 泥댁諛⑸쪧 28.4%뿉꽌 40.8%源뚯 踰붿쐞뿉 빐떦븯쑝硫 씠뒗 넻怨꾩껌뿉꽌 젣떆븳 븳誘쇨뎅 20 뿬꽦쓽 룊洹좎쟻씤 泥댁諛⑸쪧怨쇰룄 쑀궗븯떎.

Biological profiles of the participants

Height (cm) Weigh (kg) Age (year) SMM (kg) Body fat (kg) PBF (%)
1. Jung* 159 51 23 20 19.3 28.4
2. Kim* 160 51 23 19.5 18.6 27.9
3. Lee* 155 56 23 20 19.9 34.5
4. Choi* 166 70 23 22.2 28.6 40.8
5. Jeon* 165 55 23 20.1 20.2 35.4
6. Kang* 154 56 23 20.2 19.7 34.2
7. Kim** 165 68 23 22.3 28.9 41
8. Lee** 164 53 23 19.9 20.3 35.8
9. Jang* 159 52 23 20.3 19.5 28.7
10. Cho* 166 56 23 20.2 20.4 35.3
11. Hyun* 155 55 23 20.1 20.1 34.7
12. Hong* 167 70 23 22.4 28.7 40.2

Abbreviations: SMM, Skeletal Muscle Mass; PBF, Percent Body Fat



李멸옄뱾씠 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븳 뮘 삁븬씠 뼱뼸寃 蹂솕븯뒗吏 솗씤븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 긽븯濡 굹돇뼱 븳 踰뚮줈 援ъ꽦릺뼱 엳떎. 긽쓽뒗 媛뒾遺쐞 뙏쓣 젣쇅븳 굹癒몄 긽泥대 而ㅻ쾭븯硫, 븯쓽뒗 諛쒕ぉ 씠븯瑜 젣쇅븳 굹癒몄 븯泥대 而ㅻ쾭븳떎(Fig. 1). 닔異뺢린삁븬쓽 닔移섎뒗 媛쒖씤蹂꾨줈 李⑥씠媛 엳뿀쑝굹, 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븳 뮘 10遺 젙룄硫 삁븬씠 李⑹슜 쟾뿉 鍮꾪빐 10% 젙룄 긽듅븯뒗 寃껋쓣 紐⑤뱺 李멸옄뿉꽌 怨듯넻쟻쑝濡 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 吏곹썑 긽듅맂 삁븬 李⑹슜븯怨 엳뜕 12떆媛 룞븞 怨꾩냽 긽듅맂 긽깭濡 쑀吏릺뿀怨, 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 踰쀬쓣 寃쎌슦 10遺 留뚯뿉 紐⑤몢 李⑹슜 쟾 닔移섎줈 뼥뼱吏 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎(Fig. 2A). 李⑹슜 쟾 닔移섎줈 뼥뼱吏 삁븬 떎떆 긽듅븯吏 븡쓬쓣 30遺 뮘뿉 痢≪젙맂 삁븬쓣 넻빐 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 12紐 李멸옄 쟾썝뿉寃 紐⑤몢 룞씪븳 삁븬 긽듅슚怨쇰 굹깉怨 씠瑜 넻빐 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 李⑹슜 10% 젙룄쓽 삁븬 긽듅슚怨쇰 씪쑝궗 닔 엳쓬쓣 븣寃 릺뿀떎. 옣떆媛 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜씠 룓湲곕뒫怨 슫룞遺븯뿉 뼱뼡 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 솗씤븯湲 쐞빐 씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌 媛옣 옣떆媛 李⑹슜븳 12떆媛 李⑹슜 떆쓽 삁븬怨 留λ컯쓽 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븯떎. 12떆媛 李⑹슜 닔異뺢린삁븬怨 씠셿湲고삁븬 紐⑤몢瑜 긽듅떆궎뒗 寃곌낵瑜 굹깉떎(Fig. 2B). 삁븬쓽 긽듅 닔異뺢린 씠셿湲 紐⑤몢 넻怨꾩쟻쑝濡 留ㅼ슦 넂 닔以쓽 긽듅쓣 굹깉怨(P < 0.01), 留λ컯쓽 긽듅룄 넻怨꾩쟻쑝濡 쓽誘 엳뒗 긽듅씠 굹궗떎(P < 0.05). 利 삁븬쓽 긽듅怨 留λ컯쓽 긽듅 紐⑤몢 蹂댁젙냽샆 12떆媛 李⑹슜뿉 쓽빐 利앷븿쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀怨 씠젃寃 삁븬怨 留λ컯씠 긽듅븳 긽깭뿉꽌 룓湲곕뒫 寃궗 슫룞遺븯 寃궗瑜 닔뻾븯떎.

Fig. 1. Wearing of the compression garment. The compression garment composed of two pieces. One for covering upper body, the other for covering hip and legs. The arms and breast are not covered.

Fig. 2. Effects of the compression garment to blood pressure and heart pulse. Blood pressure and heart pulse of the twelve participants were measured with or without wearing the compression garment. (A) Systolic blood pressure was measured at the time since wearing the compression garment. Red squares indicate the period of not wearing the compression garment. (B) Blood pressures and heart pulse were measured to compare the difference before and after wearing the compression garment. Abbreviations: Sys, systolic blood pressure; Dia, diastolic blood pressure. Data shown represent the mean ± SD (*indicates P < 0.01, **indicate P < 0.05).

룓湲곕뒫寃궗뒗 끂젰꽦룓솢웾(FVC), 1珥덈웾(FEV1), 1珥덉쑉(FEV1/FVC), 끂젰꽦궇닲以묎컙쑀웾(FEF 25~75%), 理쒕샇湲곗쑀냽(PEF), 理쒕솚湲곕웾(MVV)쓣 痢≪젙븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 12떆媛 李⑹슜븳 긽깭뿉꽌 痢≪젙맂 룓湲곕뒫 李⑹슜 쟾뿉 鍮꾪빐 遺遺꾩쓽 寃궗뿉꽌 궙븘吏 寃궗 닔移섎 굹깉떎. FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEF, MVV 벑쓽 寃궗뿉꽌뒗 紐⑤몢 넻怨 遺꾩꽍쓣 넻빐 留ㅼ슦 겙 李⑥씠濡 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 떆 닔移섍 媛먯냼븳 寃껋쑝濡 痢≪젙릺뿀떎. 끂젰怨 긽愿뾾뒗 룓 옄泥댁쓽 湲곕뒫쓣 굹궡뒗 FEF 25~75% 닔移섎뒗 넻怨꾩쟻쑝濡 李⑥씠媛 뾾뒗 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎. 利 룓湲곕뒫 寃궗瑜 떎떆븯뿬 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 李⑹슜씠 뼱뒓 젙룄 룓湲곕뒫뿉 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 솗씤빐蹂 寃곌낵 끂젰꽦룓솢웾怨 愿젴맂 닔移섍 紐⑤몢 媛먯냼븯뒗 寃곌낵瑜 뼸뿀怨 룓 옄泥댁쓽 샇씉뿉뒗 쁺뼢씠 뾾뒗 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎. 씠 寃곌낵뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 李⑹슜 끂젰꽦 샇씉쓣 쐞빐 븘슂븳 怨④꺽洹쇱쓽 븬諛뺤뿉留 쁺뼢씠 엳뒗 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗怨, 媛덈퉬堉덈줈 몮윭떥씤 룓뒗 븬諛뺣릺吏 븡븯쓬쓣 굹깉떎(Fig. 3).

Fig. 3. Effects of the compression garment to pulmonary function. Unit for FVC and FEV1 is liter (L). FEV1/FVC indicates percentile ratio of FEV1 to FVC. Unit for FEF 25~75% and PEF is liter per second (L/sec). Unit for MVV is liter per minute (L/min). Abbreviations: FVC, Forced Vital Capacity; FEV1, Forced Expiratory Volume in one second; FEF 25~75%, Forced Expiratory Flow 25~75%; PEF, Peak Expiratory Flow; MVV, Maximal Voluntary Ventilation. Data shown represent the mean ± SD (*indicates P < 0.01).

븞젙맂 긽깭뿉꽌쓽 슚怨쇰 솗씤븳 씠썑, 슫룞쓣 떎떆뻽쓣 寃쎌슦 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜씠 삁븬怨 留λ컯뿉 誘몄튂뒗 쁺뼢쓣 븣븘蹂닿퀬옄 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 쟾怨 12떆媛 李⑹슜 썑 媛곴컖 젙빐吏 슫룞웾쓣 떎떆븯怨 삁븬怨 留λ컯쓽 蹂솕瑜 솗씤빐蹂댁븯떎. 슫룞 떎떆 썑 痢≪젙븳 닔異뺢린삁븬 븞젙맂 긽깭 媛숈씠 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜뻽쓣 寃쎌슦 李⑹슜 쟾怨 鍮꾧탳븯뿬 삁븬씠 10% 젙룄 긽듅릺뼱 엳뒗 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 븯吏留 슫룞씠 걹굹怨 떆媛꾩씠 吏궇닔濡 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 떆뒗 삁븬씠 뜑 鍮좊Ⅴ寃 뼥뼱졇꽌 5遺꾩씠 吏궃 뮘뒗 李⑹슜 쟾怨 鍮꾧탳븯뿬 삁븬씠 삤엳젮 媛먯냼븳 寃곌낵媛 굹궗떎(Fig. 4A). 슫룞 썑 留λ컯 李⑹슜 쟾 긽깭媛 넂븯쑝硫 씠썑 슫룞쓣 硫덉텛怨 쑕떇쓣 痍⑦븯뒗 15遺꾩쓽 떆媛꾩뿉꽌룄 怨꾩냽 李⑹슜 썑 蹂대떎 뜑 넂 긽깭瑜 쑀吏븯떎(Fig. 4B). 슫룞 썑 痢≪젙맂 떖諛뺤닔瑜 씠슜븯뿬 떊泥댄슚쑉吏닔(PEI)瑜 怨꾩궛빐蹂 寃곌낵 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븳 寃쎌슦 넻怨꾩쟻쑝濡 겙 李⑥씠媛 엳뒗 젙룄濡(P < 0.01) 슚쑉씠 넂븘吏 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎(Fig. 4C).

Fig. 4. Change of blood pressure and heart pulse after finishing the exercise. (A) Systolic blood pressure was measured at the time point after finishing the exercise. (B) Heart pulse was measured at the time point after finishing the exercise. (C) Based on the data of heart pulse as shown on B, PEI (Physical Efficiency Index) was calculated. Wo and With indicate without wearing and wearing the compression garment, respectively. Data shown represent the mean ± SD (*indicates P < 0.01).

蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜씠 슫룞遺븯뿉 뵲瑜 삁븬쓽 긽듅쓣 쑀諛쒗븯굹 留λ컯쓽 利앷뒗 쑀諛쒗븯吏 紐삵븯誘濡 슦由щ뒗 떖쟾룄瑜 씠슜븯뿬 떖옣쓽 쟾룄 怨꾪넻 怨쇱젙 以 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜뿉 쓽빐 쁺뼢쓣 諛쏅뒗 援ш컙쓣 솗씤븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 긽깭뿉꽌 슫룞쓣 떎떆븳 뮘 痢≪젙맂 떖쟾룄 寃곌낵뒗 QT 떆媛꾩씠 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 쟾뿉 鍮꾪빐 利앷맂 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎(Table 2). 룞떆뿉 痢≪젙맂 떎瑜 떖쟾룄 뙆삎쓽 떆媛꾩뿉뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 쑀臾댁뿉 뵲瑜 李⑥씠媛 굹굹吏 븡븯떎. 씠 寃곌낵뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 떆 떖諛뺤닔媛 李⑹슜 쟾뿉 鍮꾪빐 利앷븯吏 븡 씠쑀媛 QT 媛꾧꺽쓽 利앷뿉 쓽빐 씪뼱궃 寃껋쓣 굹궦떎.

Comparisons of the intervals on the Electrocardiogram (ECG)

P PR QRS QTc RR
Non-wearing (msec) 97±5.4 145±10.3 88±5.8 435±12.3 599±47.3
Wearing (msec) 95±11.5 145±13.2 87±5.4 446±9.9 612±40.8

Data shown represent the mean ± SD


怨 李

씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌뒗 넂 븬諛 媛뺣룄瑜 媛吏 蹂댁젙냽샆씠 룊긽 떆 슫룞 떆 씤泥댁뿉 뼱뼡 쁺뼢쓣 誘몄튂뒗吏 遺꾩꽍븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 삎깭굹 湲곕뒫뿉꽌 씪諛섏쟻씤 슫룞슜 뒪룷痢좎썾뼱 李⑥씠媛 엳뿀吏留 理쒓렐뿉뒗 꽟쑀냼옱쓽 媛쒕컻濡 씤빐 李⑹슜媛먯씠 醫뗭쑝硫댁꽌룄 蹂댁젙湲곕뒫씠 쎇뼱궃 젣뭹뱾씠 留롮씠 異쒖떆릺怨 엳뼱꽌 蹂댁젙냽샆怨 슫룞蹂듭쓽 寃쎄퀎媛 뿀臾쇱뼱議뚮떎怨 蹂 닔 엳寃 릺뿀떎. 듅엳 蹂댁젙냽샆 긽泥 삉븳 븬諛뺥븯寃 릺誘濡 洹몃룞븞 븯泥댁뿉 李⑹슜븯뒗 슫룞蹂듭쑝濡 痢≪젙릺뿀뜕 깮由 긽깭 蹂솕 媛숈 슫룞깮由щ遺꾩뿉 빐꽌뒗 뿰援ш 옄꽭엳 씠猷⑥뼱吏吏 븡븯떎. 씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌뒗 긽泥댁 븯泥대 紐⑤몢 긽떦븳 젙룄濡 븬諛뺥븯뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븯怨 슫룞 쟾怨 썑쓽 깮泥 吏몴瑜 鍮꾧탳 遺꾩꽍븿쑝濡쒖뜥 紐 쟾泥대 븬諛뺥븯뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆씠 媛吏 슫룞슚쑉 利앷뿉 븳 슚怨쇰 솗씤븯떎. 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜 吏곹썑 삁븬쓣 10% 긽듅떆궎뒗 슚怨쇰 굹깉뒗뜲 씠뒗 떎由щ 븬諛뺥븯뒗 슫룞슜 븬諛 젅源낆뒪뿉꽌룄 솗씤릺뿀벏씠 씤泥댁쓽 삁븸씠 떎由щ굹 蹂듦컯 궡뿉 癒몃Ъ吏 紐삵븯룄濡 븬諛뺥븿쑝濡쒖뜥 닚솚씠 利앷맂 슚怨쇰줈 뙋떒맂떎(Privett et al., 2010).

씤媛꾩쓽 떊泥대뒗 泥댁쨷쓣 湲곗쑝濡 泥댁諛⑸웾(fat mass)怨 泥댁諛⑹쓣 젣쇅븳 굹癒몄 遺遺꾩쑝濡 굹닠蹂 닔 엳떎. 泥댁諛⑹쓣 젣쇅븳 遺遺꾩 떒諛깆쭏 諛 닔遺꾧낵 臾닿린吏덉씠 빀빐吏 뼇쑝濡 援ъ꽦맂떎. 씠以 떒諛깆쭏怨 닔遺꾩쓣 빀爾 洹쇱쑁웾(muscle mass)쑝濡 굹궦떎. 뿬꽦怨 궓꽦쓽 寃쎌슦뒗 李⑥씠媛 엳뼱꽌 뿬꽦 泥댁諛⑸웾(fat mass)씠 넂怨, 궓꽦 洹쇱쑁웾(muscle mass)媛 넂 寃껋쑝濡 븣젮졇 엳떎(Abe et al., 2003; Karastergiou et al., 2012). 떎뿕뿉 李몄뿬븳 李멸옄뱾 紐⑤몢 뿬꽦씠뿀쑝硫 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 李⑹슜 쟾썑 씤諛붾뵒濡 痢≪젙맂 泥댁諛⑸웾怨 洹쇱쑁웾뿉뒗 蹂솕媛 뾾뿀떎(Data not shown). 씠뒗 븬諛뺤쓣 諛쏆쓣 寃쎌슦 洹쇱쑁怨 吏諛⑹쓽 쐞移 蹂솕뒗 엳쓣吏 뼵젙 洹 뼇 옄泥댁쓽 蹂솕뒗 뾾뒗 寃껋쑝濡 솗씤릺뿀떎. 洹몃윭誘濡 떒닚엳 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 엯뒗 寃껋씠 泥댁諛⑸웾쓣 媛먯냼떆궎吏뒗 븡쓣 寃껋쑝濡 삁痢≫븷 닔 엳떎. 洹몃윭誘濡 蹂댁젙냽샆 븬諛뺤씠 媛뺥븯뜑씪룄 泥댄삎蹂댁젙쓽 湲곕뒫留 엳쓣 肉 泥댁諛⑹쓽 븯瑜 씪쑝궎吏뒗 紐삵븯뒗 寃껋쑝濡 솗씤릺뿀떎.

씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌 씠슜맂 뵆옒떆겕 궗뿉꽌 뙋留ㅽ븯뒗 蹂댁젙냽샆 理쒕 3.7 hPa (27.75 mmHg)쓽 븬諛뺣젰쓣 굹궪 닔 엳떎. 씠 媛뺣룄뒗 湲곗〈뿉 슫룞꽑닔뱾뿉寃 李⑹슜븯뿬 깮由 蹂솕瑜 痢≪젙븯뜕 뿰援щ끉臾몄뿉 씠슜븳 븬諛 젅源낆뒪쓽 理쒕 媛뺣룄 鍮꾩듂븳 젙룄떎. 씠 뿰援щ끉臾몄뿉꽌뒗 20 mmHg 젙룄쓽 以묎컙 븬諛 젙룄瑜 媛吏 젣뭹씠 씠 蹂대떎 뜑 넂 븬諛 媛뺣룄瑜 媛吏 젣뭹蹂대떎 슚쑉꽦씠 넂 寃껋쑝濡 蹂닿퀬릺뿀떎. 利 븬諛 媛뺣룄媛 뼱뒓 닔以 씠긽씠 릺硫 슫룞 떆 슚쑉쓽 利앷媛 삤엳젮 媛먯냼릺뒗 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎. 씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌 궗슜븳 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 븬諛 젙룄媛 18 mmHg쑝誘濡 湲곗〈뿉 蹂닿퀬맂 뿰援 寃곌낵뿉꽌 媛옣 넂 슚쑉쓣 굹깉뜕 以묎컙 븬諛 젙룄쓽 슫룞슜 젅源낆뒪 쑀궗븳 븬諛 젙룄떎(Struhar et al., 2018). 洹몃윭誘濡 뵆옒떆겕 궗뿉꽌 異쒖떆릺뒗 뜑 넂 븬諛 媛뺣룄쓽 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 寃쎌슦 李⑹슜 떆 슫룞슚쑉 삤엳젮 媛먯냼븷 寃껋쑝濡 삁긽맂떎. 洹몃━怨 蹂댁젙냽샆쓽 二쇰맂 援щℓ痢듭씤 以묒옣뀈 뿬꽦쓽 寃쎌슦 씠踰 떎뿕뿉 李멸븳 젇 뿬옄 븰깮뱾뿉 鍮꾪빐 洹쇱쑁 媛뺣룄媛 룊洹좎쟻쑝濡 궙쓣 寃껋씠誘濡, 슫룞슚怨쇰낫떎뒗 삁븬 긽듅怨 룓湲곕뒫 뼲젣뿉 뵲瑜 떒젏씠 뜑 엳吏 븡쓣源 븯뒗 슦젮媛 뱺떎. 洹몃윭誘濡 븬諛 媛뺣룄媛 20 mmHg 씠긽씠 릺뒗 젣뭹 슫룞슚쑉쓽 媛먯냼 깮由ъ쟻 湲곕뒫쓽 젣븳씠 뜑 겕寃 굹굹誘濡 옣떆媛 李⑹슜씠굹 슫룞 떆뿉뒗 李⑹슜쓣 옄젣븯뒗 寃껋씠 醫뗭쓣 寃껋쑝濡 뙋떒맂떎.

蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븯怨 슫룞뻽쓣 寃쎌슦 쉶蹂 떆뿉 李⑹슜 쟾蹂대떎 뜑 넂씠 긽듅뻽뜕 삁븬 삤엳젮 5遺꾩씠 寃쎄낵븯硫댁꽌 뜑 궙븘吏뒗 쁽긽씠 痢≪젙릺뿀떎. 씠윭븳 삁븬 븯媛뺢낵뒗 떎瑜닿쾶 떖諛뺤닔뒗 李⑹슜븳 긽깭뿉꽌 怨꾩냽 궙寃 굹궗떎. 씠瑜 넻빐 떊泥댄슚쑉吏닔(PEI) 媛믪씠 넂寃 굹궗떎. 떖쟾룄瑜 넻빐 솗씤맂 떖諛뺤닔 븯쓽 썝씤 떎瑜 뿰援 寃곌낵뿉꽌 蹂닿퀬븳 寃껉낵 씪移섑븯寃 QT 떆媛꾩쓽 利앷媛 洹 썝씤씠뿀떎(Pruscino et al., 2013; Nguyen et al., 2019). QT 떆媛꾩 떖떎 닔異뺤쓽 떆옉쑝濡쒕꽣 걹궇 븣源뚯쓽 떆媛꾩쓣 쓽誘명븳떎(Song et al., 2018). 떖諛뺤닔媛 鍮⑤씪吏嫄곕굹 뒓젮吏 寃쎌슦 紐⑤몢 QT 떆媛꾩쓽 利앷컧씠 二쇰맂 썝씤씠 릺뒗 寃껋쑝濡 븣젮졇 엳떎(Gillett et al., 2014). 씠踰 떎뿕뿉꽌 궗슜븳 QT 떆媛꾩 Bazett쓽 怨듭떇쑝濡 닔젙맂 닔移(QTc)瑜 씠슜븯떎.

븬諛 젅源낆뒪쓽 李⑹슜 洹쇱쑁쓣 吏吏빐以섏꽌 뻹뒪듃留 蹂댄샇 洹쇱쑁쓽 떊옣씠굹 닔異뺤뿉 룄씠 맆肉먮쭔 븘땲씪, 洹쇱쑁뿉 궛냼瑜 怨듦툒븯怨 슫룞 썑 諛쒖깮븯뒗 젚궛 젣嫄곕 솢諛쒗븯寃뚮뒗 벑 깮由ъ쟻씤 슚怨쇰룄 엳쓬씠 蹂닿퀬릺뿀떎(Xiong and Tao, 2018). 씠 쑀궗븯寃 씠踰 蹂댁젙냽샆 李⑹슜뿉꽌룄 슫룞 썑 쉶蹂듭뿉 뜑 룄씠 릺뒗 寃껋쑝濡 굹궗떎. 씠瑜 넻빐 吏곸엫씠굹 臾닿쾶뿉 쁺뼢쓣 二쇱 븡뒗떎硫 蹂댁젙냽샆쓣 李⑹슜븯怨 슫룞븯뒗 寃껋씠 뜑 굹 슚쑉쓣 굹궪 寃껋쑝濡 삁痢〓맂떎.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant (http://nrf.re.kr) to D.J (NRF-2019R1I1A3A01061981).

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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