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Effect of Oral Hygiene Management Process using Natural Gargle Fluid (Cinnamon) on Occlusal Force and Changes in Oral Environment
Biomed Sci Letters 2024;30:17-23
Published online March 31, 2024;  https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2024.30.1.17
© 2024 The Korean Society For Biomedical Laboratory Sciences.

Bo Ram Kim1,* , Kyung Min Kim1,* * , Yu mi Kim2,* , Min-Kyoung Park3,* * and Min Kyung Lee1,,**

1Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-eui University, Busan 47340, Korea
2Department of Oral Physiology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
3Department of Dental Hygiene, Kyung-Woon University, Gumi 39160, Korea
Correspondence to: Min Kyung Lee. Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-eui University, Busan 47340, Korea.
Tel: +82-51-890-4238, Fax: +82-0505-2600-9256, e-mail: lmk849@deu.ac.kr
*Graduate student, **Professor.
Received December 12, 2023; Revised February 6, 2024; Accepted February 7, 2024.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
In this study, the changes in occlusal strength and oral environment before and after the use of natural gargles containing cinnamon were confirmed. This study involved 42 adults aged 19 or older living in Busan from November 25 to December 2, 2023. Twenty-one people were randomly selected for each of the regular and natural gargles. In this study, the group using natural gargles confirmed an increase in saliva buffering power, a decrease in O'Leary index, and an increase in occlusal strength. Through this, it was confirmed that natural gargles containing cinnamon are helpful in improving the oral environment and occlusal strength.
Keywords : Natural gargle, Cinnamon, Bite force, Oral environment, Buffer capacity (BFC), O'Leary index
꽌 濡

援ш컯 뼇移섏븸 援ш컯뿉 議댁옱븯뒗 誘몄깮臾쇱쓣 솕븰쟻씤 諛⑸쾿쑝濡 궗硫몄떆궎嫄곕굹 뼲젣븯뿬 援ш컯 궡 泥寃곌낵 援ъ랬젣嫄 諛 移섏븘슦떇利앷낵 移섏<吏덊솚쓣 삁諛⑺븯湲 쐞븳 紐⑹쟻쑝濡 궗슜릺怨 엳떎(Herrera et al., 2003). 쁽뻾 援ш컯愿由ъ슜뭹 以 移섏빟怨 援ш컯 뼇移섏븸 빟궗踰뺤쓽 쓽빟쇅뭹 愿젴 洹쒖젙뿉 뵲씪 愿由щ릺怨 엳쑝硫, 씪諛섏쟻쑝濡 젣議곕릺뒗 援ш컯 뼇移섏븸 異⑹튂삁諛⑹쓣 룄二쇰뒗 꽦遺꾧낵 援ш컯 궡 쑀빐꽦遺꾩쓽 諛쒖깮쓣 뼲젣븯뒗 빆洹좎꽦遺(遺덊솕굹듃瑜, 뿼솕꽭떥뵾由щ뵒뒆, 쑀移쇰┰넧, 硫섑넧, 궡由ъ떎궛硫뷀떥, 移섎ぐ, 湲由ъ떆由ъ쭊궛씠移쇰ⅷ, 씠냼봽濡쒗븘硫뷀떥럹 벑)뱾濡 援ъ꽦릺뼱 엳떎(Jin et al., 2017).

씪諛섏쟻쑝濡 떆뙋릺뒗 솕븰꽦遺꾩쓽 援ш컯 뼇移섏븸 援ш컯誘몄깮臾 뼲젣瑜 븯뒗뜲 湲곗뿬븯吏留 옣湲곗쟻쑝濡 궗슜 떆 李⑹깋(Park et al., 2015), 뿼利앸컲쓳, 援ш컯 嫄댁“, 궡꽦(Kim et al., 2015) 벑쓽 遺옉슜씠 諛쒖깮븷 닔 엳뼱 遺옉슜 뾾씠 븞쟾븯寃 궗슜븷 닔 엳뒗 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓽 媛쒕컻씠 븘슂븯떎.

理쒓렐 泥쒖뿰꽦遺꾩쓣 씠슜븳 옄뿰異붿텧臾쇱뿉 븳 愿떖씠 넂븘졇 媛먯큹(Kim et al., 2015), 봽濡쒗뤃由ъ뒪(Choi et al., 2015), 怨꾪뵾(Kim et al., 2023) 벑쓽 뿰援ш 솢諛쒗엳 吏꾪뻾릺怨 엳떎. 씠 以 怨꾪뵾뒗 깮媛뺢낵쓽 媛뺥솴냽(Curcuma)뿉 룷븿릺뒗 빟臾쇰줈뜥 二쇱슂 꽦遺꾩씤 curcumin씠 빆洹좎옉슜(Yun et al., 2020), 빆븫옉슜 諛 빆궛솕옉슜(Yoon et al., 2006) 벑 留롮 빟由ъ쟻 슚뒫씠 엯利앸릺뼱 떇뭹 諛 빟뭹쑝濡 궗슜릺怨 엳뒗 몴쟻씤 泥쒖뿰떇臾쇱쓽 븯굹씠떎(Choi et al., 2021). 씠 媛숈 빆洹 湲곕뒫꽦 媛湲븸 移섑깭 삉뒗 移섏꽍쓽 異뺤쟻쓣 뼲젣븯怨 移섏<蹂묎낵 移섏븘슦떇쓽 吏꾪뻾쓣 媛먯냼븯湲 쐞빐 궗슜릺怨 엳떎(Park et al., 2015).

援ш컯 궡뿉뒗 빆긽 븸씠 議댁옱븯硫, 븸 옄젙옉슜, 뿰솕옉슜, 냼솕, pH 쑀吏, 옉 벑뿉 룄쓣 以떎. 븸쓽 遺꾨퉬굹 쓲由꾩꽦씠 鍮꾩젙긽쟻씪 寃쎌슦 援ш컯嫄닿컯 臾몄젣媛 諛쒖깮맆 닔 엳뼱 젙긽쟻씤 꽦遺꾩쓽 遺꾨퉬 븸웾씠 以묒슂븯떎. 븸쓽 쓲由꾩씠 媛먯냼븯嫄곕굹 寃고븤맂 寃쎌슦 援ш컯젏留됱쓽 빆洹좎옉슜, 援ш컯 궡 냼솕옉슜 諛 꽭젙옉슜 벑씠 븯맆 닔 엳쑝硫, 옉怨 뿰븯옣븷, 移섏븘슦떇利앹씠굹 移섏<吏덊솚쓽 利앷, 援ъ랬쓽 利앷 벑쑝濡 援ш컯蹂 諛쒖깮쓽 媛뒫꽦씠 넂븘吏꾨떎(Choi et al., 2021). 듅엳 옉뒫젰씠 븯릺硫 쓬떇쓣 젣濡 뵻쓣 닔 뾾寃 릺硫(Jung et al., 2018), 옉슏닔쓽 媛먯냼뒗 븸꽑쓽 湲곕뒫븯濡 븸웾쓽 媛먯냼瑜 寃り쾶 맂떎(Yang et al., 2013). 옉쓽 媛먯냼뒗 援먰빀젰쓽 媛먯냼濡 씠뼱吏 닔 엳떎.

援먰빀젰 뼹援댄삎깭, 굹씠, 꽦蹂, 移섏<吏덊솚, 痢〓몢븯븙옣븷 벑(Im et al., 2016) 뿬윭 媛吏 슂씤뿉 쓽빐 쁺뼢쓣 諛쏅뒗떎怨 뿰援щ릺뿀떎(Lee and Jung, 2014). 씠 以묒뿉꽌룄 移섏<씤뒗 옉쓣 쐞븳 援먰빀젰쓣 媛먮떦븯뒗 湲곌쑝濡 移섏븘뿉 븳 援먰빀젰쓣 媛먯븯뒗뜲 븘닔쟻씠硫, 移섏<븬젰닔슜湲곌 援먰빀젰쓣 議곗젅븯뒗뜲 以묒슂븳 뿭븷쓣 븳떎怨 蹂닿퀬뻽떎(Im et al., 2016). 移섏<議곗쭅뿉꽌 援먰빀怨 愿젴븯뿬 빞湲곕릺뒗 遺덊븘슂븳 寃곌낵濡 移섏<議곗쭅뿉 諛쒖깮릺뒗 蹂묒쟻씤 蹂솕 삉뒗 쟻쓳 怨쇱젙쓣 援먰빀쇅긽씠씪怨 븯硫, 1978뀈 WHO뿉꽌 "諛섎븙쓽 移섏븘뿉 쓽빐꽌 吏곸젒쟻쑝濡 삉뒗 媛꾩젒쟻쑝濡 移섏븘뿉 媛빐吏뒗 뒪듃젅뒪뿉 쓽븳 移섏<議곗쭅쓽 넀긽"쑝濡 젙쓽븯湲곕룄 뻽떎(Choi, 2020). 씠泥섎읆 援먰빀젰 移섏<議곗쭅쓽 蹂묒쟻 蹂솕뿉 留ㅼ슦 源딆 愿怨꾧 엳쓬쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎.

븯吏留 泥쒖뿰 옱猷뚮 솢슜븯뿬 援ш컯 媛湲븸 媛쒕컻怨 씠瑜 씠슜븳 援ш컯솚寃 蹂솕 援ш컯愿由 쟾썑瑜 鍮꾧탳븯뿬 닔移섑솕 맂 援먰빀젰 鍮꾧탳뿉 愿븳 뿰援щ뒗 誘몃퉬븳 떎젙씠떎. 씠뿉 蹂 뿰援ъ뿉꽌뒗 빟由ъ쟻 슚뒫씠 엯利앸맂 怨꾪뵾瑜 솢슜븯뿬 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸씠 援ш컯솚寃쎄낵 援먰빀젰쓽 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븯뿬 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓽 궗슜뿉 嫄곕媛먯쓣 理쒖냼솕븯怨 蹂닿툒솕 媛뒫븳 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 媛쒕컻쓣 쐞븳 湲곗큹옄猷뚮줈 젣怨듯븯湲 쐞빐 떆뻾븯떎.

옱猷 諛 諛⑸쾿

뿰援щ긽 諛 뿰援щ갑踰

蹂 뿰援щ뒗 2023뀈 11썡 25씪遺꽣 2023뀈 12썡 02씪源뚯 遺궛愿묒뿭떆뿉 嫄곗<븯뒗 留 19꽭 씠긽 꽦씤 以 꽦愿젅뿉 遺덊렪媛먯쓣 뒓겮吏 븡뒗 긽옄濡쒖꽌 뿰援 紐⑹쟻 諛 諛⑸쾿쓣 異⑸텇엳 꽕紐 썑 李몄뿬뿉 룞쓽븳 옄瑜 긽쑝濡 뿰援щ 닔뻾븯떎. 뿰援 긽옄뒗 G*Power 3.1 봽濡쒓렇옩쓣 궗슜븯뿬 理쒖냼 몴蹂명겕湲 36紐낆쓣 궛異쒗븯쑝硫, 以묐룄 깉씫瑜좎쓣 怨좊젮븯뿬 42紐낆쓣 理쒖쥌 뿰援 긽옄濡 꽑젙븯떎. 議곌뎔, 떎뿕援(泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸-怨꾪뵾)쑝濡 굹늻뿀떎.

蹂 뿰援щ뒗 D븰援 깮紐낆뿰援ъ쑄由ъ쐞썝쉶(IRB)쓽 떖쓽瑜 諛쏆 썑 닔뻾븯떎(듅씤踰덊샇: DIRB-202311-HR-E-38).

泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援ъ꽦

泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 꽑뻾뿰援щ 李멸퀬븯뿬 빟由ъ쟻 슚뒫씠 엯利앸맂 泥쒖뿰 臾쇱쭏濡 怨꾪뵾瑜 꽑젙븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 긽옄媛 궡썝븯湲 吏곸쟾뿉 젣議고븯뿬 젣怨듯븯떎. 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓽 젣議곕 쐞빐 泥쒖뿰 썝猷 쟾臾몄젏씤 'What soap (https://whatsoap.co.kr)'뿉꽌 援ъ엯븯뿬 궗슜븯떎.

議곌뎔뿉寃 젣怨듬맂 씪諛 媛湲븸 利앸쪟닔 45 mL, 옄紐쎌뵪 異붿텧臾 2諛⑹슱, 옄씪由ы넧 5 g쓣 꽔뼱 젣議고븯쑝硫, 떎뿕援곗뿉寃 젣怨듬맂 怨꾪뵾 5 g, 利앸쪟닔 40 mL, 옄紐쎌뵪 異붿텧臾 2諛⑹슱, 옄씪由ы넧 5 g쓣 꽔뼱 젣議고븯떎. 媛湲븸쓽 궗슜 1二쇱씪媛 븯猷 1쉶 옄湲 쟾 10 mL뵫 궗슜븯룄濡 吏떆븯떎.

援먰빀젰 痢≪젙

援먰빀젰 痢≪젙 GC궗쓽 Dental Prescale II瑜 씠슜븯뿬 Fuji쓽 븬젰媛먯븘由(媛먯븬吏)쓣 궗슜븯뿬 긽옄쓽 援먰빀젰쓣 룊媛븯떎. 援먰빀젰 痢≪젙 뼇履 뼱湲덈땲瑜 媛뺥븳 옒쑝濡 臾쇰룄濡 吏떆븯쑝硫, 痢≪젙 쟾 븬젰媛먯븘由꾧낵 쑀궗븳 몢猿섎 媛吏 뿰뒿醫낆씠濡 삱諛붾Ⅸ 援먰빀쓣 븷 닔 엳룄濡 뿰뒿 썑 痢≪젙븯떎. 씠뒗 援ш컯愿由 쟾, 썑 媛 1쉶뵫 痢≪젙븯떎.

援ш컯솚寃 寃궗

븸 셿異⑸뒫 蹂솕: 븸 셿異⑸뒫 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븯湲 쐞빐 븸꽦遺꾨텇꽍쓣 떎떆븯쑝硫, 移섏븘嫄닿컯(슦떇꽦 諛뺥뀒由ъ븘, 궛꽦룄, 셿異⑸뒫), 엲紐멸굔媛(삁븸, 諛깊삁援, 떒諛깆쭏), 援ш컯泥寃곕룄(븫紐⑤땲븘) 珥 7媛吏 빆紐⑹쓣 痢≪젙 媛뒫븳 Arkray궗쓽 Sill-ha LH-4912瑜 씠슜븯떎.

젣議곗궗뿉꽌 젣怨듯븳 꽭援ъ븸쑝濡 10珥덇컙 엯븞쓣 뿹援 꽭援 넗異쒖븸쓣 痢≪젙 뒪듃由쎌뿉 젒李⑺븯뿬 痢≪젙븯쑝硫, 씠뒗 援ш컯愿由 쟾, 썑 媛 1쉶뵫 痢≪젙븯떎. 셿異⑸뒫 궛뿉 쓳븯뒗 빆젰쑝濡 룊洹좉컪 36쑝濡 셿異⑸뒫씠 궙쓣닔濡 移섏븘슦떇뿉 뜑 痍⑥빟븳 寃껋쓣 쓽誘명븳떎.

援ш컯寃궗(O'Leary Index): O'Leary Index瑜 솗씤븯湲 쐞빐 泥쒖뿰 떇슜깋냼瑜 씠슜븯뿬 옄泥 젣옉븳 泥쒖뿰 李⑹깋젣瑜 궗슜븯떎. 援ш컯愿由 쟾 移섎㈃뿉 쟾泥 移섎㈃뿉 諛붾Ⅸ 썑 臾쇰줈 엯쓣 뿹援 썑 李⑹깋릺뼱 엳뒗 遺遺꾩쓣 泥댄겕븯뿬 O'Leary Index瑜 솗씤븯떎. O'Leary뒗 젏닔媛 궙쓣닔濡 援ш컯愿由ш 醫뗭 寃껋쓣 쓽誘명븳떎. 씠뒗 援ш컯愿由 쟾, 썑 媛 1쉶뵫 痢≪젙븯떎.

꽕臾몄“궗

궗슜 쟾, 썑 꽕臾몄“궗瑜 넻빐 二쇨쟻씤 援ш컯遺덊렪媛 媛먯냼 젙룄瑜 솗씤븯떎. 援ш컯遺덊렪媛 媛먯냼 젙룄뒗 援ъ랬, 嫄댁“媛, 援먰빀遺덊렪媛먯뿉 븳 빆紐⑹쑝濡 10젏 泥숇룄瑜 씠슜븯뿬 젏닔媛 넂쓣닔濡 遺덊렪媛먯쓣 떖븯寃 뒓겮뒗 寃껋쓣 쓽誘명븳떎.

寃 怨

뿰援 긽옄쓽 씪諛섏쟻 듅꽦

뿰援 긽옄뒗 珥 42紐낆쑝濡 궓꽦 17紐(40.5%), 뿬꽦 25紐(29.5%)떎. 씠 以 씪諛 媛湲븸쓣 궗슜븯뒗 援(議곌뎔) 21紐낃낵 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓣 궗슜븯뒗 援곗 21紐낆쑝濡 議곌뎔 궓꽦 9紐(42.9%), 뿬꽦 8紐(38.1%), 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗 궓꽦 8紐(38.1%), 뿬꽦 13紐(61.9%)씠뿀떎. 뿰援 긽옄쓽 룊洹 뿰졊 27.86꽭濡 議곌뎔 26.90꽭, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗 28.81꽭떎(Table 1).

General characteristics of the study subjects

Total Control Nature gargle

(N=42) (N=21) (N=21)
Age, year (M ± SD) 27.86 (±12.106) 26.90 (±11.7875) 28.81 (±12.568)

Gender (N (%)) Male 17 (40.5) 9 (42.9) 8 (38.1)
Female 25 (29.5) 12 (57.1) 13 (61.9)


媛湲븸 궗슜 떆 湲곕 슚怨

뿰援 긽옄쓽 媛湲븸 궗슜 떆 湲곕 슚怨쇰줈 議곌뎔 援ъ랬 媛쒖꽑, 移섏<뿼怨 異⑹튂 媛쒖꽑, 援ш컯嫄댁“媛 媛쒖꽑怨 泥웾媛 닚쑝濡 굹궗쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗 援ъ랬 媛쒖꽑, 援ш컯嫄댁“媛 媛쒖꽑, 移섏<뿼 媛쒖꽑, 泥웾媛, 봽씪洹몄 異⑹튂 媛쒖꽑 닚쑝濡 굹궗떎(Table 2).

Expected effects of gargling

Control Nature gargle

N (%) N (%)
Gaggle expected effect Periodontitis 4 (19.0) 4 (19.0)
Dryness 1 (4.8) 5 (23.8)
Bad breath 11 (52.4) 8 (38.1)
Refreshing feeling 1 (4.8) 2 (9.5)
Dental plaque 0 (0) 1 (4.8)
Dental caries 4 (19.0) 1 (4.8)

Control (N=21), Nature gargle (N=21)



媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援ш컯솚寃 蹂솕(븸 셿異⑸뒫 蹂솕)

<Fig. 1> 뿰援 긽옄쓽 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援ш컯솚寃 蹂솕濡 븸 셿異⑸뒫쓽 蹂솕瑜 굹궦떎. 셿異⑸뒫 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 46.71뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 31.38濡 媛먯냼븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 40.75뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 42.10쑝濡 利앷븯떎.

Fig. 1. The saliva buffer capacity (BFC) changes before and after gargling. Buffer capacity (BFC) was analyzed by changes in saliva components by the gargle group.

媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援ш컯솚寃 蹂솕(O'Leary Index)

뿰援 긽옄쓽 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援ш컯솚寃 蹂솕濡 O'Leary Index뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 51.84젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 68.66젏쑝濡 利앷븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 46.51젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 45.61젏쑝濡 媛먯냼븯쑝硫(쟾 P= 0.031, 썑 P=0.022), 씠뒗 넻怨꾩쟻쑝濡 쑀쓽븳 李⑥씠媛 엳뿀떎(Table 3).

Changes in oral environment by group (O'Leary Index)

O'Leary index

Before After
Control 51.84±496.931 68.66±24.672
Nature gargle 46.51±22.328 45.61±23.985
tF/(P) 0.849 (0.031) 0.406 (0.022)

Mean ± SD, Control (N=21), Nature gargle (N=21)



媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援먰빀젰 蹂솕

<Fig. 2>뒗 뿰援 긽옄쓽 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援먰빀젰 蹂솕씠떎. 援먰빀젰 蹂솕뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 876.28뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 862.11濡 媛먯냼븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 769.49뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 817.45쑝濡 利앷븯떎(A). 援먰빀硫댁쟻 蹂솕뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 20.39뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 19.78쑝濡 媛먯냼븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 19.27뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 19.77濡 利앷븯떎(B). 援먰빀룊洹좎 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 45.86뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 46.20쑝濡 利앷븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 38.88뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 41.49濡 利앷븯떎(C). 理쒕 援먰빀젰 蹂솕뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 111.99뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 116.52濡 利앷븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 109.64뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 114.49쑝濡 利앷븯떎(D). 醫뚯슦 援먰빀젰 蹂솕뿉꽌 醫뚯륫쓽 援먰빀젰 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 50.80뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 50.55濡 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌뒗 궗슜 쟾 51.48뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 52.47濡 蹂솕븯쑝硫, 슦痢≪쓽 援먰빀젰 蹂솕뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 49.19뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 49.44濡 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌뒗 궗슜 쟾 48.51뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 47.52濡 蹂솕븯떎(E, F).

Fig. 2. Changes in Bite force by group. The changes in bite force, bite force display area, average bite force, maximum bite pressure, and left and right bite force were analyzed for each oral gargle. (A) Changes in bite force by group, (B) Changes in bite force Display area by group, (C) Changes in average bite force by group, (D) Changes in maximum bite pressure by group, (E) Changes in left and right bite force in the control group, (F) Changes in left and right bite force in the nature gargle group.

媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 二쇨쟻 援ш컯遺덊렪媛 媛먯냼 젙룄

뿰援 긽옄쓽 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 援ш컯遺덊렪媛 媛먯냼 젙룄濡 二쇨쟻 援ъ랬뒗 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 4.33젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 2.14젏쑝濡 媛먯냼븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 4.80젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 2.48젏쑝濡 媛먯냼븯떎. 二쇨쟻 援ш컯嫄댁“媛먯 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 2.86젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 2.33젏쑝濡 利앷븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 3.90젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 1.90젏쑝濡 媛먯냼븯떎. 二쇨쟻 援먰빀遺덊렪媛먯 議곌뎔뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 4.90젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 5.48젏쑝濡 利앷븯쑝硫, 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 궗슜 쟾 5.24젏뿉꽌 궗슜 썑 4.33젏쑝濡 媛먯냼븯떎(Table 4).

Reduction of mouth discomfort before and after gargling (subjective)

Control Nature gargle


Before After Before After
Subjective perception Bad breath 4.33±2.153 2.14±1.769 4.80±1.972 2.48±1.940
Dryness 2.86±2.670 2.33±2.331 3.90±2.719 1.90±1.868
Bite discomfort 4.90±2.791 5.48±2.804 5.24±2.406 4.33±2.887

Mean ± SD, Control (N=21), Nature gargle (N=21)


怨 李

理쒓렐 嫄닿컯쓽 以묒슂꽦뿉 븳 씤떇씠 넂븘吏硫댁꽌 옄뿰뒪읇寃 援ш컯嫄닿컯뿉 븳 씤떇룄 넂븘吏怨 엳떎. 媛옣 씪諛섏쟻씠怨 슚怨쇱쟻씤 移レ넄吏 쇅뿉 異붽쟻씤 援ш컯슜뭹 궗슜뿉 븳 슂援щ룄룄 利앷븯怨 엳떎(Lee et al., 2022). COVID-19濡 씤빐 留덉뒪겕 궗슜씠 以묒슂떆 릺硫댁꽌 援ш컯 궡 泥寃곗씠굹 嫄댁“媛 빐냼 벑쓽 愿떖씠 넂븘吏寃 릺硫댁꽌 렪由ы븯寃 궗슜븷 닔 엳뒗 援ш컯 泥寃곗젣뿉 븳 愿떖씠 넂븘議뚮떎(Yun et al., 2020). 븯吏留 븣肄붿삱 꽦遺꾩씠 넂 씪諛 媛湲븸쓣 궗슜븯뒗 寃쎌슦 삤엳젮 嫄댁“媛먯쓣 빞湲고븯嫄곕굹 援ш컯 궡 옄洹뱀씠 諛쒖깮븷 닔 엳떎(Yun et al., 2020). 씠뿉 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 以 빆洹좎옉슜(Yun et al., 2020) 諛 빆궛솕옉슜(Yoon et al., 2006)怨 援ш컯嫄댁“媛(Yun et al., 2020; Kim and Lee, 2023)뿉 슚怨쇨 엳떎怨 엯利앸맂 怨꾪뵾瑜 솢슜븯뿬 뿰援щ 吏꾪뻾븯떎. 씠뿉 蹂 뿰援щ뒗 怨꾪뵾瑜 븿쑀븳 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓣 솢슜븯뿬 議곌뎔(씪諛 媛湲븸)怨 떎뿕援(泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸-怨꾪뵾)쓣 臾댁옉쐞濡 꽑젙븯뿬 媛 洹몃9蹂 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑瑜 鍮꾧탳븯떎.

媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾 媛 洹몃9蹂 媛湲븸 궗슜 떆 湲곕 슚怨쇰뒗 씪諛 媛湲븸 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 紐⑤몢 援ъ랬뿉꽌 52.4%, 38.1%濡 媛옣 넂븯떎. 븯吏留 씪諛 媛湲븸怨 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓣 鍮꾧탳븯쓣 븣 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗 씪諛 媛湲븸 援곗뿉 鍮꾪빐 援ш컯嫄댁“媛 媛쒖꽑뿉 븳 湲곕媛 뜑 넂寃 李⑥씠굹뒗 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 씠뒗 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 援ш컯嫄댁“媛먯뿉 븳 愿떖룄媛 뜑 넂 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 援ъ랬 援ш컯嫄댁“媛먯쓽 寃쎌슦 븸쓽 遺꾨퉬웾怨쇰룄 愿젴꽦씠 넂쑝硫(Lee, 2017), 씠뿉 븸 利앷瑜 蹂댁씤 꽑뻾뿰援щ뱾(Kim et al., 2023; Yun et al., 2020; Kim and Lee, 2023)쓣 넗濡 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 以 怨꾪뵾瑜 솢슜븳 뿰援ш 쟻빀븯떎怨 뙋떒븷 닔 엳뿀떎.

媛 洹몃9蹂 븸 셿異⑸뒫 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븳 寃곌낵 議곌뎔뿉꽌뒗 46.71뿉꽌 31.38濡 궙븘吏 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀쑝硫, 궗슜 썑 셿異⑸뒫쓽 룊洹좉컪씤 36蹂대떎 뜑 궙븘吏먯쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌뒗 40.75뿉꽌 42.10쑝濡 넂븘졇 븸 셿異⑸뒫씠 醫뗭븘吏먯쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 씠뒗 怨꾪뵾쓽 슚뒫 以 援ш컯嫄댁“媛먯뿉 븳 슚怨쇰 솗씤븳 쑄 벑 (Yun et al., 2020)怨 븸 遺꾨퉬쑉 利앷瑜 솗씤븳 源 벑 (Kim and Lee, 2023)쓽 뿰援 寃곌낵 씪移섑븳떎. 삉븳 븳 벑 (Han et al., 2008)쓽 뿰援ъ뿉꽌 븸 셿異⑸뒫怨 븸 遺꾨퉬쑉 궗씠뿉 뼇쓽 긽愿愿怨꾨 솗씤븯쑝硫, Takahashi 벑 (Takahashi et al., 2008)쓽 뿰援ъ뿉뒗 二쇨쟻 援ш컯嫄댁“利앷낵 援ш컯젏留됱쓽 닔遺꾧낵 뿰愿꽦쓣 솗씤븯떎. 蹂 뿰援ъ뿉꽌룄 二쇨쟻씤 援ш컯遺덊렪媛 媛먯냼 젙룄뿉꽌 援ш컯嫄댁“媛먯뿉꽌 議곌뎔뿉 鍮꾪빐 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌 뜑 겙 룺쑝濡 媛먯냼븿쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳떎.

理(Choi, 2020)쓽 뿰援ъ뿉꽌 移섑깭 愿젴맂 移섏<吏덊솚씠 엳뒗 寃쎌슦 援먰빀쇅긽 吏덈퀝쓽 吏꾪뻾 냽룄瑜 利앷떆궓떎怨 蹂닿퀬븯떎. 씠뒗 蹂 뿰援ъ쓽 O'Leary index뿉꽌 솗씤븷 닔 엳벏 51.84뿉꽌 68.66쑝濡 젏닔媛 利앷瑜 蹂댁씤 議곌뎔뿉꽌 援먰빀젰怨 援먰빀硫댁쟻씠 紐⑤몢 媛먯냼븯怨, 二쇨쟻쑝濡 뒓겮뒗 援먰빀遺덊렪媛먯뿉꽌룄 쟾뿉 鍮꾪빐 遺덊렪媛먯씠 利앷븿쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 諛섎濡 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 援곗뿉꽌뒗 O'Leary 젏닔媛 46.51뿉꽌 45.61濡 媛먯냼瑜 蹂댁쑝硫 씠 븿猿 援먰빀젰怨 援먰빀硫댁쟻쓽 利앷 援먰빀遺덊렪媛먯쓽 媛먯냼瑜 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 씠뒗 쑄 벑 (Yun et al., 2020)쓽 뿰援ъ뿉꽌 怨꾪뵾 異붿텧臾쇱쓣 븿쑀븳 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 궗슜 썑 移섏<뿼쓣 쑀諛쒗븯뒗 洹좎쓽 媛먯냼瑜 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 씠瑜 넻빐 怨꾪뵾瑜 븿쑀븳 媛湲븸뿉꽌 援ш컯솚寃 媛쒖꽑怨 援먰빀젰 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 뵲씪꽌 諛 벑 (Park et al., 2011) 뿰援щ 넻빐 移섏<吏덊솚쑝濡 씤빐 씠李⑥쟻씤 援먰빀쇅긽씠 엳쑝硫 移섍렐 씉닔瑜 媛以묒떆궗 닔 엳쑝硫, 理 벑 (Choi et al., 2004)쓽 뿰援щ 넻빐 쇅긽꽦 援먰빀쓽 移섎즺뒗 移섑깭議곗젅씠 꽑뻾릺뼱빞 븳떎뒗 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎.

媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾, 썑 醫뚯륫怨 슦痢 援먰빀쓽 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀떎. 씠 벑 (Lee et al., 2018)쓽 뿰援ъ뿉 뵲瑜대㈃ 援먰빀젰쓽 媛먯냼뒗 移섏븘二쇰 怨⑥“吏곸쓽 諛룄瑜 媛졇삤硫, 移섏븘二쇰 怨⑥“吏곸쓽 諛룄뒗 移섏븘씠룞쓽 뼇긽뿉룄 쁺뼢쓣 以떎. 怨⑥“吏곸쓽 寃쎌슦 移섏<쓽 源딆 뿰愿꽦쓣 媛吏硫, 렪痢 옉쓽 洹좏삎쓣 留욎텛뒗 寃껋 以묒슂븳 痢〓㈃쑝濡 씠뿉 븳 썝씤뿉 븳 遺꾩꽍 吏냽릺怨 엳떎. 蹂 뿰援ъ뿉꽌 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 궗슜 쟾 醫뚯륫쑝濡 렪뼢릺뿀뜕 援먰빀씠 궗슜 썑 醫뚯륫 援먰빀 넂븘吏怨, 슦痢 援먰빀 궙븘吏먯쑝濡 뼇痢≪쓽 援먰빀씠 洹좏삎쓣 씠猷 닔 엳룄濡 蹂솕븳 寃껋쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀쑝硫, 씠뒗 援ш컯솚寃쎌쓽 媛쒖꽑 슚怨쇨 쁺뼢쓣 以 寃껋쑝濡 쑀異붾맂떎.

븯吏留 蹂 뿰援щ뒗 移섏<吏덊솚 媛먯냼瑜 뙋떒븷 닔 엳뒗 湲곗怨 븸 遺꾨퉬웾뿉 븳 媛앷쟻씤 닔移섍 뾾뼱 젙솗븳 슚怨쇰 遺꾩꽍븯吏 紐삵뻽떎뒗 븳怨꾩젏씠 엳떎. 삉븳 긽옄쓽 닔媛 옉怨 룊洹 뿰졊媛 궙븘 떎뿕 寃곌낵瑜 씪諛섑솕떆궎湲곗뿉 뼱젮씠 엳떎. 삉븳 醫, 슦痢≪쓽 援먰빀쓽 洹좏삎 媛쒖꽑쓣 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀吏留 씠뿉 븳 洹쇨굅媛 誘몃퉬븯떎뒗 젣븳젏씠 엳떎. 씠뿉 뼢썑 썑냽 뿰援ъ뿉꽌뒗 씠윭븳 젏쓣 諛섏쁺빐빞 븷 븘슂媛 엳떎怨 깮媛곷맂떎.

洹몃읆뿉룄 怨꾪뵾瑜 븿쑀븳 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸쓣 솢슜븯뿬 O'Leary index 援먰빀젰쓣 넻빐 媛앷쟻씤 닔移섎 넻빐 援ш컯솚寃 媛쒖꽑 諛 援먰빀젰 媛쒖꽑뿉 븳 슚怨쇰 솗씤븷 닔 엳뿀쑝硫, 二쇨쟻씤 援ш컯遺덊렪媛먯쓣 넻빐 媛앷쟻씤 닔移섏 二쇨쟻씤 씤吏媛 씪移섑븯뒗 寃껋쓣 솗씤븯뿬 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 궗슜 떆 湲띿젙쟻씤 蹂솕瑜 솗씤븯뒗뜲 룄씠 맂 寃껋쑝濡 쓽쓽媛 엳떎. 씠뿉 썑냽 뿰援ъ뿉꽌 泥쒖뿰 媛湲븸 媛쒕컻 諛 슚뒫뿉 愿븳 뿰援щ 넻빐 떎깮솢뿉꽌쓽 젒洹쇰룄媛 넂븘吏 닔 엳湲곕 湲곕븳떎.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2021R1F1A1063831).

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest with the contents of this article.

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